Africana WoManism Society

"Men, women and children in it together."

Africana Womanist Bibliography

Africana WoManist scholarship is presented in the fields of literature, history, psychology, women studies and other disciplines, and involves various scholars.  This just to name a few:

Hudson-Weems:  Book Chapters/Articles

Emmett Till: The Sacrificial Lamb of the Civil Rights Movement


In all of Hudson-Weems articles, she demonstrates a refreshing breath of Africana scholarship. Always placing Africa at the center of her analyses, she emerges as a truly authentic Africana scholar, bent on interpreting the Black experience from the perspective of authentic Black life. Her writing is thorough, engaging and lucid. Her assessment of ideas is both accurate and timely. In fact, one could even say the Hudson-Weems in many instances, is ahead of times. That was certainly the case with her work on Emmett Till, as many now do not hesitate in calling Till's brutal lynching the catalyst of the Civil Rights Movement, even though traditionally Rosa Parks' demonstration was deemed unquestionably to be the beginning of the movement by all historians, as documented in her 1988 doctoral dissertation (U. of Iowa). In addition, her seminal work on Africana Womanism was likewise ahead of its time. The challenge that Hudson-Weems took up in the mid-eighties at The National Council for Black Studies caused a momentary uproar, but very soon, after hearing her present her position that Black women were not feminists, many of her colleagues were quick to reassess their position, saying that they always knew that something was wrong with feminism for them and that it just didn't quite fit. Whenever Hudson-Weems observed that something was not quite right, she would challenge it. Her scholarship reflects this inclination, as she has remained constant in her scholarly activities and has contributed greatly to her area of expertise.

Book Chapters/Articles (2001 forward) on these two subjects, Africana Womanism and Emmett Till, include:  

  1. "Africana Thought-Action: An Authenticating Paradigm for Africana Studies," The Western Journal of Black Studies (Fall 2006)
  2. "Africana Womanism: The Flip Side of a Coin," in The Western Journal of Black Studies (2001).
  3. "Africana Womanism: An Overview," in Out of the Revolution: The Development of Africana Studies, Delores Aldridge and Carlene Young, Editors, Lexington Books, 2000, pp. 205-217.
  4. "Africana Womanism: An Historical, Global Perspective for Women of African Descent," Call and Response: The Riverside Anthology of the African American Literary Tradition, Patricia Liggins Hill, General Editor, Houghton Mifflin, 1998, pp. 1811-1815.
  5. "Africana Womanism, Black Feminism, African Feminism, Womanism," in Sisterhood, Feminisms and Power, Obioma Nneameka, Editor, New Jersey: African World Press, 1998, pp. 149-162 .
  6. "Self-Naming and Self-Defining: An Agenda for Survival," in Sisterhood, Feminisms and Power, Obioma Nneameka, Editor, New Jersey: African World Press, 1998, pp. 449-452.
  7. "Resurrecting Emmett Till: The Catalyst of the Civil Rights Movement," in Journal of Black Studies (Sage Publication), November 1998, pp. 179-188.
  8. "Africana Womanism and the Critical Need for Africana Theory and Thought," in The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 21, No. 2, Summer 1997, pp. 79-84.
  9. "From Malcolm Little to El Hajj Malik El Shabazz: Malcolm's Evolving Attitude Toward Africana Women," The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 1993, pp. 26-31.
  10. "Cultural and Agenda Conflicts in Academia: Crtitical Issues for Africana Women's Studies," in The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 13, No. 4, Winter 1989, pp. 185-189.
  11. "The Tripartite Plight of African-American Women as Reflected in the Novels of Hurston and Walker," in Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 20, No. 2, December 1989, pp. 192-207.
  12. "Africana Womanism, Black Feminism, African Feminism, Womanism," in Black Studies: From the Pyramids to Pan Africanism and Beyond, William Nelson, Jr., Editor, McGraw Hill, 2001.
  13. "Africana Womanism: Entering the New Millennium," in State of the Race, Creating Our 21st Century: Where Do We Go From Here, Jemadari Kamara and T. Menelik Van Der Meer, Editors, Diaspora Press, 2001.

 (Retrieved November 6, 2009, from


 Cover for 'Africana Woman: Her Story Through Time'Africana Woman:  Her Story Through Time by Dr. Cynthia Jacobs Carter 

NPR on The Tavis Smiley Show:  'Africana Woman: Her Story Through Time' Book Celebrates Centuries of Black Women's Triumphs ( 


An Africana Womanism Bibliography

(Journal Articles)

Common bonds from Africa to the U.S.:  Africana womanist literary analysis, Betty Taylor Thompson. Western Journal of Black Studies. Pullman: Fall 2001. Vol. 25, Iss. 3: p. 177 (8 pages)

Lucy Terry Prince:  The cultural and literary legacy of Africana womanism, April Langley.  Western Journal of Black Studies.  Pullman:  Fall 2001.  Vol. 25, Iss. 3; p. 153 (10 pages)

Reassessing Africana womanism:  Continuity and change, Daphne W. Ntiri.  Western Journal of Black Studies.  Pullman:  Fall 2001. Vol. 25. Iss. 3; p. 163 (5 pages)

Revisiting “What’s in a Name?”:  Exploring the Contours of Africana Womanist Thought. vol. 27, Iss. 1. pp. 67-132.

Africana Womanism and African Feminism:   A Philosophical Literary, and Cosmological Dialectic on Family.  The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3 (2001) pp. 168-176.

African Womanism:  An Afrocentric Theory. Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 28, No. 5 (May 1998), pp. 515-539.

Come colour my rainbow:  Themes of Africana womanism in the poetic vision of Audrey Kathryn Bullett, Ronald J. Stephens, Maureen Keaveny, Venetria K. Patton.  Journal of Black Studies. Thousand Oaks:  Mar 2002.  Vol. 32, Iss. 4; p. 464 (16 pages)

Evelyn M. Simien and Nikol G. Alexander, “From Combahee to Africana Womanism:  Mapping Feminist and Womanist Discourse in Black Politics”  Conference Papers—American Political Science Assocation, 2004 Annual Meeting, Chicago, Il, pp. 1-17.

Africana Womanism in The Black Panther Party:  A Personal Story, The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3 (2001) pp. 146-152.

The Power and Glory of Africana Womanism, Chicago Tribune Co. (1994, Jun 12) p. 8

Taylor, U. (1998). As salaam alaikum my sister, peace be unto you:  The Honorable Elijah Muhammad and the women who follow him. Race & Society, 1, 177-196.

West, C. S. (1996). Revisiting female activism in the 1960s:  The Newark branch Nation of Islam. The Black Scholar, 26, 3-4 

Africana Womanism: Reclaiming Ourselves

“Africana Womanism is neither an outgrowth nor an addendum to feminism. Africana Womanism is not  Black feminism, Africana feminism, or Walker’s womanism that some Africana women have come to embrace” (Hudson-Weems, 1993).

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